A Textbook Review

of

My World History (Early Ages)

By

Rev. Bruce R. Leonatti

Textbooks Reviewed from the Norwin School District

Cultures of the World:  MODERN WORLD HISTORY:  PATTERNS OF INTERACTION, Beck, Black, Krieger, Naylor, Shabaka

Contemporary Affairs:  NEWSWEEK magazine & UPFRONT magazine (there is only one class which is offered all year or by semester)

AP World History:  WORLD CIVILIZATIONS:  THE GLOBAL EXPERIENCE, Stearns, Adas, Schwartz, Gilbert

DISCOVERING THE GLOBAL PAST:  A LOOK AT THE EVIDENCE, Wiesner   (primary sources) Vols. I and II

AP US Government & Politics:  GOVERNMENT IN AMERICA, Edwards, Wattenberg, Lineberry

PERSPECTIVES ON AMERICAN POLITICS, Lasser

AMERICAN GOVERNMENT:  READINGS & CASES, Woll

My World History (Early Ages)

American History (Beginnings to 1914

Research Perspectives used in this Review

 

Although a few commentaries of opposing Historians may be used in this review, I have purposely attempted to use only primary sources of the first 500 years of Islam as references. These sources are all Muslim and accepted by all Muslims as authentic.

This review is not an attempt to publish the thoughts and commentaries of dueling Historians. It is an attempt to give evidence using the words of Muhammad and those who directly heard Muhammad or received testimonies from people who knew Muhammad.

All Muslims consider what Muhammad said and what Muhammad did as the words and actions authorized by Allah.

All faithful Muslims want to speak and live as Muhammad spoke and lived. Therefore, actions, thoughts, and words being debated as factually historic should be judged to be accurate or inaccurate by the example of Muhammad. If Muhammad did it, they (Muslims) would also have done it.

The Quran, Sira, Hadith, Muslem, and Ta’rikh are considered to be of equal status and are used by Muslim Imams to teach and guide their believers even today. Using the words of the above sources can establish the facts of an event when two sides of an issue are equally debatable.

However, historic statements by Muslims are also always expressions of their religious doctrine and must be examined through that perspective.

Quotations from the above sources should be cross-referenced with the actual documents when possible. There are several versions of translations of the Quran and redactions of the other sources above.  Redactors try to disguise unpleasant verses of the Quran.  For example, they use the phrase “those who Allah has been given into their right hand” instead of translating the Arabic word “slave.”

Ninety percent of all Muslims do not read or understand Arabic. But it is not necessary to read or understand Arabic to find the accurate translation of a verse from the above sources.  But unlike the Bible, chapter and verse numbers are not always in sync with all the various versions.  Some versions do not even have every verse numbered.  When cross-reference a verse the researcher may need to check five verses before and five verses after the reference.

Fifty percent of the Quran is history, and more than fifty percent of the other sources listed above are Islamic history. They are the best places to find historical fact.

Islamic Sources

(Used in this Textbook Review)

Sources: Referred to below are the sources for the research of this review. Written by Muslims, these sources are accepted by all Muslims as authentic.

Quran: referenced as “Quran”

Allah’s Book, written by Muhammad, the Qur’an, lacks context and chronology, so to understand it, readers are dependent upon the Sira, Ta’rikh, Muslim and Hadith. There are at least five translations of the Quran.  It is suggested that all versions are sampled in cross-referencing to reflect the correct interpretation. Example: Some translations translate the word “slave” as “those Allah has put in the right hand of your possession.”

Sira or Sura: referenced as “Ishaq”

Ishaq’s Sira, or biography, called Sirat Rasul Allah, provides the lone account of Muhammad’s life and the formation of Islam written within 200 years of the prophet’s death.

Hadith: referenced as “Bukhari”

A Hadith is an oral report from Muhammad or his companions. Muslims believe that the Hadith verses were inspired by Allah, making them scripture. The most revered Collection was compiled in a topical arrangement by Bukhari.

Ta’rikh referenced as “Tabari”

The Ta’rikh is the oldest, most trusted and comprehensive history of Islam’s formation and Muhammad’s example, called Sunnah. Tabari wrote it.

Muslem  “Muslem: C1B1N176”

Is a reference to Sahih Muslim an ancient Islamic text, author(s) unknown.

A comparison of quotations from

My World History (Early Ages)

with the original Islamic sources.

The thesis for the formatting of this paper, textbook quotations followed by original Islamic sources, is based on the following hypothetical scenario. One man says something about another man, what he said and did. Another man says something different about what that same man said and did. The most accurate history of that man will be found by then comparing what others wrote about what that man said about himself, that is with what he said he did. Read the quotations from the textbook, and then read the following Islamic sources about what Muhammad did and what Muhammad said. Judge for yourself. Does this textbook present accurate history or slanted political deception?

Muhammad said, “Jihad is deceit”   Bukhari 4:268

Commentary:  Attempting to allow the Islamic verses to speak for themselves, I have tried to keep personal commentary objective and to a minimum. However, please feel free to ask me to explain how the verse selections were determined and their historical background or meaning.

Quick overview: Of the 30 pages reviewed, 16 of those pages (53%) had at least one historical inaccuracy or slanted deception. Several had two deceptions. Two pages had 5 and another had 4. In total there were 29 errors or deceptions in the 30 pages reviewed. (pages with graphics and student questions were excluded). Compare them for yourself.

Quotations: The following quotations, grouped into ten sections based upon the categories referred to in the report Islam in American Classrooms: History or Propaganda, are from the above Norwin, Middle School, 7th grade textbook (here after referred to as Mwh). Although many of the following quotations can be put into several sections, none of the textbook quotations below are repeated in order to reveal the volume of the bias involved.

 THE TEXTBOOK MY WORLD HISTORY IS REFERRED TO AS  “Mwh” in the following quotes

Section One

The Big Lies

The textbook teaches that Islam is a religion of tolerance.

“Religious toleration also helped the Arab Muslin Empire expand.”

Mwh p. 461

“The Arab Muslim empire was generally tolerant towards Jews and Christians.”

Mwh p. 462

“The Quran encouraged tolerance, as all three religions worshiped one God.”

Mwh p. 673

“Muslims did not force their religion on these groups.”

Mwh p. 461

If the above is true, how can the below taken from the same textbook be reconciled?

“Muhammad destroyed statues of the gods at the Kaaba and rededicated it as an Islamic

holy site.”  Mwh pp. 453

“Muhammad respected these religions”(Christianity and Jeudaism)     Mwh p. 453

But what does the Quran say about Islamic religious tolerance?

And whoever desires a religion other than Islam, it shall not be accepted

           from him.”   Quran 3:85

“Allah will not forgive those who worship idols,”

Quran 4:116

“The Kafirs among the people of the Book and the idolaters will burn for

           eternity in the Fire of Hell.” Quran 98:6

 “Believers, do not take Jews or Christians for your friends.”

Quran 5:51

“O Prophet, strive hard [fighting] against the unbelievers and the

Hypocrites, and be harsh with them. Their abode is Hell, an evil refuge indeed.”   Quran  9:73

“The infidels should not think that they can get away from us. Prepare

against them whatever arms and weaponry you can muster so that you may terrorize them.”  Quran 8:59

“Curses were pronounced on the unbelievers, the Children of Israel who

rejected Islam, by the tongues of David and of Jesus because they

disobeyed and rebelled.”  Quran  5:78,83

“Expel disbelievers from the Arabian Peninsula.’

Bukhari V4B52N2N288

(see 75 additional similar Islamic sources at: http://www.prophetofdoom.net/Islamic_Quotes_Tolerance.Islam

 

The textbook teaches that Islam spread peacefully?

“As the Arab Muslins built their empire, Islam spread peacefully both inside the empire

and to the lands beyond its borders.” Mwh p. 460

What does the Quran say?

 “Fight and kill the disbelievers wherever you find them, take them captive,

 harass them, lie in wait and ambush using every stratagem of war.”

Quran 9:5

“Fight those who do not believe until they all surrender, paying the

protective tax in submission.” Quran 9:29

“The military expeditions (Ghazawat) in which the Messenger

(Muhammad) personally participated were twenty-six. Some say

there were twenty-seven.”   Tabari IX 115

(see 100 more similar Islamic sources at: http://www.prophetofdoom.net/Islamic_Quotes_Fighting.Islam

Inconvenient Fact: It took 600 years for Christianity to spread over the same Middle Eastern, North African, and Southern Europe.  Islam spread through the same areas in only 150 years by war.

 

The textbook teaches that Islam did not force their religion upon others?

“Muslims did not force their religion on these groups.”

Mwh p. 461

What do the Islamic sources say?

 “Fight them until there is no more disbelief and religion is only for Allah.

Quran 2:193,189

“Make war on those who have received the Scriptures (Jews and Christians)

 but do not believe in Allah or in the Last Day.”  Quran 9:29

“A Muslim who has admitted there is no god but Allah and that I am His

         prophet  may not be killed except for three reasons: as punishment for

 murder, for adultery, or for apostasy.”  Bukhari 8,82,797

(see 65 more similar Islamic verses at: http://www.prophetofdoom.net/Islamic_Quotes_War.Islam

Below is the often-quoted verse used to deny Islamic intolerance to other religions.

“Let there be no compulsion in religion Quran 2.256   

Muslims use a verse interpretation rule called abrogation. Abrogation means later verses trump earlier verses. Quran 2.256 is an early verse trumped by the above intolerant later verses.

 

Section Two:

Intentional Vagueness

Unclear by intention:

At that time, Christians and Jews were allowed to practice their religions freely in

Muslim countries, though they had to pay a special tax and faced other estrictions.”  Mwh p. 448

What do the Islamic sources say?

“Fight those who do not believe until they all surrender, paying the

protective tax (50% of income) in submission.” Quran 9:29

 “They shall not clip the fronts of their heads as a sign of humiliation. They

shall not carry swords or any kind of arms. They shall dress with special clothing. They shall not ride horses.  They shall pay one half of their income to Allah. They shall not build or repair churches with out permission. They shall not manifest their religion publicly nor convert any one to it.   Al-Turtushi, Siraj Al-Muluk, p. 229-30

“For the iniquity of the Jews, We made unlawful for them certain (foods) in

that they hindered many from Allah’s Way, that they took usury, though they were forbidden.  Quran 4.160

 

 

 

“The Arab Muslim empire was generally tolerant towards Jews and Christians.”

                                                                                                                    Mwh p. 462

If the above is true, how can the below be true, taken from the same textbook?

“The Turks (Muslims) harassed pilgrims and marched on the Christian city of

Constantinople.”  Mwh p. 664

“But in the early 1000s, the Fatimid Arabs (Muslims) started destroying churches and

killing pilgrims.” Mwh p. 664

What does the Quran say?

“Make war on those who profess not the profession of truth until they pay

          tribute out of hand, and they be humbled.”  Quran 9.29

“Allah made the People of the Book (the Jews) leave their homes by

terrorizing them so that you killed some and made many captive. And He  made you inherit their lands, their homes, and their wealth. He gave you a  country you had not traversed before.”

                                                              Quran 33:26

( see 100 more similar Islamic source at http://www.prophetofdoom.net/Islamic_Quotes_Jews.Islam)

( see 80 more http://www.prophetofdoom.net/Islamic_Quotes_Christians.Islam)

 

 

Ambiguous by intention:

“In general however, women had fewer rights than men and occupied an inferior

position.” Mwh p. 462

“Under Sharia, women and men had religious equality.”  Mwh p. 462

What do the Islamic sources say?

“Allah permits you to shut them in separate rooms and to beat them, but not

severely.” If they abstain, they have the right to food and clothing. Treat women well for they are like domestic animals and they possess nothing themselves. Allah has made the enjoyment of their bodies lawful in his Quran.”  Tabari IX:113

“If any of your women are guilty of lewdness, take the evidence of four

witnesses from amongst you against them; if they testify, confine them to houses until death claims them.”  Quran 4:15

“Allah directs you in regard of your Children’s (inheritance): to the male, a

portion equal to that of two females…. These are settled portions ordained by Allah.”   Quran 4:11

“And get two witnesses out of your own men. And if there are not two men

(available), then a man and two women [a man is worth two women, and one man is always needed],”   Quran 2:282

( see 25 more similar Islamic sources at http://www.prophetofdoom.net/Islamic_Quotes_Women.Islam)

 

Section Three:

Deleted Disturbing Facts

White washing with the absence of the shocking truth:

“ He (Muhammad) became Medina’s political and military leader.”Mwh p. 453

What do the Islamic sources say?

“It was He (Allah) who drove the Jewish People of the Book from their

         homes (Medina) into exile.   Quran 59.2

“I give judgment that their worriers should be killed and their children and

 women should be taken as prisoners.” Bukhari 4,522, 280

“It was Allah who drove the followers of the Book (Jews) from their homes

          (Medina) and into exile.” Quran 59.2

“So the Prophet (Mohammad) killed the Qurayza men. ( beheaded 800 of the

Medina Jewish Tribe)  He distributed their women, children and property among the Muslims.”     Bukhari V5B59N362

“The Jews were made to come down, and Allah’s Messenger imprisoned

them. Then the Prophet went out into the marketplace of Medina, and he had trenches dug in it. He sent for the Jewish men and had them beheaded in those trenches. They were brought out to him in batches. They numbered 800 to 900 boys and men.”   Ishaq 464

 

 “Quickly, the Muslims united most of Arabia under their rule.”  Mwh p. 453

What do the Islamic sources say?

“Muhammad seized the forts one at a time.”

Ishaq 1758

“How many cities have we destroyed! By night or while they were in their

 midday slumber, did our wrath reach them!”   Quran 7.3

( see 5o more similar Islamic sources at http://www.prophetofdoom.net/Islamic_Quotes_War.Islam)

 

 

 “It (Islam) stressed fairness and justice in human affairs.  Mwh p. 462

What do the Islamic sources say?

“The Messenger of Allah commanded that all of the Jewish men and boys who

had reached puberty should be beheaded. Then the Prophet divided the wealth, wives, and children of the Qurayza Jews among the Muslims.”  Tabari  VIII.38

 

I will instill terror into the hearts of the Unbelievers: smite ye above their

necks and smite all their fingertips off them.”   Quran 8.12

 “The Apostle (Muhammad) said, “he who holds to his right to these

captives (slave trading) shall have six camels for every man from the first booty I take.”  Ishaq  p. 593

“They (slaves) did not have all the rights of free people, but Islam required that they

            should be treated kindly and encouraged freeing slaves.”  Mwh p. 462

What do the Islamic sources say?

So the Prophet took the slave and said, “Who will buy this slave from me?”

Nu’aim bin ‘Abdullah bought him for such and such price and the Prophet gave him the slave.  Bukhari 3, 34,353

“Forbidden to you (for sexual relations) are married women, except those who

 are in your hands as slaves.” Quran 4.24

“Women are plentiful, and you easily change one for another. He then got  

          up and gave her a violent beating. “  Ishaq p. 496

 

Section Four:

Half Truths

Not the complete account of the facts:

Half Truth

“He (Muhammad) said he had the responsibility of clarifying Gods truth.”

Mwh p. 453

What does the Quran say?

 “But the transgressors (Jews) changed the word from that which had been given them”   Quran 2.59

“Abraham was not a Jew nor a Christian, but a Muslim.”

Quran 3.67

“When we cancel a verse or throw it into oblivion, we replace it with a better

one.” Quran 2.106

Half Truth

“The verses (Quran) discuss the nature of God, creation, and the human soul. They also

address moral, legal, and family issues.”  Mwh p. 454

What do the Islamic sources say?

“Fight them until all opposition ends and all submit to Allah.” Quran 8.39,

9.88, 9.5, 9.14, 8.65, 9.38, 9.123, 8,72 and forty others. 

Twenty-five percent of the Quran is about war or fighting.

Half Truth

“It (Quran) is the main source of Islamic teaching.”  Mwh p. 454

The Sira, and Hadith and are also main sources.

The Quran is the smallest of three other sources of Islamic teachings.

Half Truth

“A book by the Muslim mathematician al-Khwarizime introduced that number system

(Arabic Numerals) to Europe.”  Mwh p. 472

“The so-called Arabic numerals were entirely of Hindu origin.” Rodney Stark, God’s

Battalions, p.59

Half Truth

“By medieval standards, most of Spain’s Muslim rulers were tolerant of Jews and

Christians.”  Mwh p. 673

“They (Muslims) accepted the religious diversity of their subjects.”

Mwh p. 673

“Later Muslim rulers (in Spain) were less tolerant. They imposed strict new rules.

Christians could not carry Bibles in public. Jews also were persecuted.”

Mwh p. 673

“In the end of Abd ar-Rahmân’s reign (Cordoba, Spain) there was a great persecution against the Christians who dwelt in Muslim territory.” Louis Turquet de Mayerne, Histoire generale d’Espagne,

On 30 December 1066 Muslim mobs stormed the royal palace where Joseph had sought refuge, then crucified him. In the ensuing massacre of the Jewish population, many of the Jews of Granada were murdered. The 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia claims that “More than 1,500 Jewish families, numbering 4,000 persons, fell in one day.”  by Richard Gottheil, Meyer Kayserling, Jewish Encyclopedia. 1906 ed.

Half Truth:

“Saladin’s noble character inspired respect, even from his enemies.”  Mwh p. 666

“Saladin ordered that they should be beheaded, choosing to have them dead rather than in prison. With him was a whole band of scholars and sufis and a certain number of devout men and ascetics, each begged to be allowed to kill one of them, and drew his sword and rolled back his sleeve. Saladin, his face joyful, was sitting on his dais, the unbelievers showed black despair” – Imad ed-Din, Saladin’s Secretary Madden, 1999, 78

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Hattin

 

 

Section Five:

Claims That Are Not Facts

Statements that are slanted:

“In 622, Muhammad and his fellow Muslims fled Mecca.”Mwh p. 453

What does the Quran say?

“Allah gave Muhammad his response to the Meccan, Abu Lahad.  He shall

be burnt in flaming fire, and his wife, laden with maggots, and  shall have a rope of  fiber around his neck!’  Quran 111:1-5

Opposing historic source.

[The Meccans] said they had never known anything like the trouble they had endured from this fellow.  He had declared their mode of life foolish, insulted their forefathers, reviled their religion, divided the community and cursed their gods (Ibn Ishaq/Hisham 183).

http://www.thereligionofpeace.com/Muhammad/myths-mu-pers-new-religion.htm

“It (Quran) has remained unchanged since then.” Mwh p. 454

What do the Islamic sources say?

“Uthman sent to every Muslim province one copy of what they had copied,

and ordered that all the other Qur’anic materials, whether written in fragmentary manuscripts or whole copies, be burnt.” 

Bukhari, 6:61:510

“It also set the Arab Muslim empire apart from the Byzantine empire, which persecuted Jews and non-Orthodox Christians.” Mwh p. 461

Opposing historic source.

“In 1268, Baibars the Muslim Sultan of Egypt besieged the city of Antioch. “Baibars ordered the gates shut and brutally massacred everyone in the city. It is thought that 40,000 Christians were massacred and another 100,000 enslaved.” Michaud, The History of the Crusades, Vol. 3, p. 18 ;

“Jews and Christians in Muslim lands were allowed to practice their faiths and govern  themselves.  Mwh p. 462

Opposing historic source.

“Seventy Christian pilgrims executed by Muslim governor of Caesura, sixty pilgrims

crucified in Jerusalem, and in 796 Muslims burned to death twenty monks from the

Monastery of Mar Saba”  Moshe Gil.  History of Palestine,

“The crusaders, who often treated the Muslims majority of Palestine with disrespect and even cruelty, were unable to gain local support.”  Mwh p. 666

As a critical thinker, I must ask myself.  When a textbook goes out of its way to repeatedly state that Muslims always respected and treated Christians kindly, why does that same textbook never states that Christians were respectful to Muslims?

Section Six:

Glittering Generalities

Glowing false interpretation of reality:

“Muslim scholars made important advances in various fields of Science.”

Mwh p. 472

Opposing historic source.

‘Avicenna the most influential of all Muslim philosopher-scientists was a Persian.’ “Al-Khwarizimi is credited as the Muslim father of Algebra was a Persian.”  “Al-Uqlidisi who invented fractions was a Syrian.” “Arab medicine was in fact Nestorian Christian medicine.” God’s Battalions, Rodney Stark pp. 59

“The Crusaders may have introduced Europeans to the Muslim hygienic practice of

washing with soap.”  Mwh p. 671

Opposing historic source.

Goat’s Milk Soap Recipes seemed to be the soap of choice by the Gauls and the Romans. (long before the Crusades) They combined goat’s tallow and the ashes of the beech tree to create both hard and soft soap products.

http://www.soapmakingfun.com/making-homemade-soap/history-of-soap-making.shtml

“Jews and Christians in Muslim lands were allowed to practice their faiths and govern  themselves.  Mwh p. 462

Opposing historic source.

“In the end of Abd ar-Rahmân’s reign (Cordoba, Spain) there was a great persecution against the Christians who dwelt in Muslim territory.” Louis Turquet de Mayerne, Histoire generale d’Espagne,

Section Seven:

IntentionalMisinformation

Slanting with opinion not facts:

“The Meccans feared that the beliefs preached by Muhammad would reduce their status and wealth as keepers of the Kaaba.” Mwh p. 453

Opposing Islamic source.

The Prophet entered Meccca and there were three hundred and sixty idols

around the Kaaba. He started stabbing the idols with a stick

Bukhari 43.658

The Kaaba was shared by three hundred different religions and their idols. All the religions respected each other.  The only profit they all shared came from the tourism of the travelers visiting the Kaaba

 

 

 

 “Muhammad respected those religions.” (Christians & Jews)

Mwh p.453

“Because Muslims regarded Jewish and Christian scriptures as sacred, they respected Jews and Christians as “People of the Book.” Mwh p. 262

Opposing Islamic source.

“People of the Book do ye not disavow us.  He hath them cursed and

         changed them into apes and swine.  Quran 5.65

 “He (Battuta) had also paid his respects to Christian sites, such as the spot where

                Christians believe Jesus was crucified.”  Mwh p. 448

What does the Quran say?

“Yet they (Jews) slew him (Jesus) not, and they crucified him not.”

Quran 4.157

Muslims do not believe Jesus was crucified.  The above is truly fiction invented to give the impression that Muslims respected Christian teachings.

 “Jews and Christians in Muslim lands were allowed to practice their faiths and govern themselves.”  Mwh p. 462

What does the Quran say?

“It was Allah who drove the People of the Book from their homes and into

exile”  Quran 59.2

 

Section Eight:

Demonizing Christians

Associating Christianity with acts of violence:

“Mobs of Christian peasants turned on those Jews who would not convert to Christianity.

            Mwh p. 668

“During the First Crusade, these mobs terrorized and slaughtered the Jewish communities

            along crusader routes to the Middle East” Mwh p. 668

“When the knights of the First Crusade took Jerusalem in 1099, they slaughtered Jews

and Muslims alike.”  Mwh p. 669

“Medieval Christians would not tolerate even minor differences in beliefs.”

       Mwh p. 669

“Thousands of Jews killed themselves and their families to escape torture and murder.”

       Mwh p. 669

Opposing historic sources.

No less a figure than St. Bernard of Clairvaux, the most revered and renowned preacher of the twelfth century, made extensive efforts to prevent violence toward Jews prior to the launching of the Second Crusade. Alfred J. Andrea. The Medieval Record p. 352

“Mobs of Christian peasants turned on those Jews who would not convert to Christianity.

Not only did Bishop John grant the surviving Jews protection in his castle, but also he punished some local citizens who had aided the crusaders by cutting off their hands. Alfred J. Andrea. The Medieval Record p. 352

 “During the First Crusade, these mobs terrorized and slaughtered the Jewish

             communities along crusader routes to the Middle East” Mwh p. 668

“Several of the massacres were committed by German knights following the crusade of Peter’s Peoples Crusade.” Frederic Duncalf  The First Crusade, 1969

“When the knights of the First Crusade took Jerusalem in 1099, they slaughtered Jews and Muslims alike.”  Mwh pp. 669

No mention of the many Muslim massacres of Christians previous to this tragedy.

“Seventy Christian pilgrims executed by Muslim governor of Caesura, sixty pilgrims crucified in Jerusalem, in 796 Muslims burned to death twenty monks from the Monastery of Mar Saba”  Moshe Gil.  History of Palestine,

“In 1268, Baibars the Muslim Sultan of Egypt besieged the city of Antioch. “Baibars ordered the gates shut and brutally massacred everyone in the city. It is thought that 40,000 Christians were massacred and another 100,000 enslaved.” Michaud, The History of the Crusades, Vol. 3, p. 18 ;

 

Section Nine:

Beliefs Stated as Facts

Religious belief not supported by facts:

“All around Him (Mohammad) He saw greed, corruption, and violence.”

Mwh p. 452

Opposing Islamic source.

The Prophet entered Mecca and there were three hundred and sixty idols

 around  the Kaaba. He started stabbing the idols with a stick. 

  Bukhari 43.658

 

“Still, overall, Islam improved condition for women.”Mwh p. 462

Opposing Islamic sources.

“Your women are your plow fields, go into them when ever you desire.”

Quran  2.223

“Call two men into witness this, but if two men cannot be found, then call one

man and two women whom you see fit to be witnesses” Quran 2.282

“Hamza said, “Come here, you son of a female circumciser.’ Now his mother

was Umm Anmar, a female circumciser (one who circumcised girls) in Mecca.  Then Hamza smote him and killed him.”  Muslim 1564

“It is not permitted to change thy present wives for other women, except for

slave girls.”  Quran 33.52

“Forbidden to you (for sexual relations) also are married women, except those

who are in your hands as slaves.”  Quran 4.28

http://www.prophetofdoom.net/Islamic_Quotes_Women.Islam)

 

 

Section Ten

Disputed Definitions and Confusion of Terms

Definitions that do not measure up to common meanings:

“They (Meccans) began to persecute Muhammad and other Muslims

 Mwh pp. 453

Opposing Islamic sources.

“It was on that occasion that Sa’d (a Muslim) smote a polytheist

(citizen of Mecca) with a  jawbone of a camel and wounded him. This was the first blood shed in Islam.”  Ishaq 118

“Allah gave Muhammad his response to Abu Lahad. (citizen of Mecca)  He

shall be burnt in   flaming fire, and his wife, laden with maggots, and  shall have a rope of   fibre around his neck!’  Quran 111:1-5

“Janissaries were boys taken from the Christian provinces of southeastern Europe, raised

as Muslims, and trained as elite soldiers.”  Mwh p. 465

Opposing historic source.

The first Janissary units comprised war captives and slaves. The force was created by the Sultan Murad I from Christian boys levied (conscripted) through the devirme system from conquered countries in the 14th century[1]

Kinross, pp 48–52. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Janissary

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