But as many scholars have argued, this image of Cordoba is distorted. … Uprisings in 805 and 818 in Córdoba were answered with mass executions and the destruction of one of the city’s suburbs. Wars were accompanied by plunder, kidnappings and ransom. Córdoba itself was finally sacked by Muslim Berbers in 1013, its epochal library destroyed. … Christians and Jews, who shared Islam’s Abrahamic past, had the status of dhimmis – alien minorities.
They rose high but remained second-class citizens; one 11th-century legal text called them members of “the devil’s party.” They were subject to special taxes and, often, dress codes. Violence also erupted, including a massacre of thousands of Jews in Grenada in 1066 and the forced exile of many Christians in 1126. … Maimonides and his family fled Muslim fundamentalism in Córdoba in 1148 when he was barely in his teens. Averroës was banished from Córdoba about 50 years later. By Austin Cline, http://atheism.about.com/b/2003/10/02/myth-of-a-golden-age-in-andalusia.htm